A Pilot Study To Evaluate The Effects of Everolimus on Brain mTOR Activity and Cortical Hyperexcitability in TSC and FCD

Study Purpose

The purpose of this study is to measure if the drug called Everolimus effects mTOR signaling (an electrical activity signal in the brain) in patients with Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) and Focal Cortical Dysplasia (FCD) with treatment resistant epilepsy (TRE) who will be undergoing brain surgery. One group of patients will be treated with Everolimus, and another will not. Researchers will determine if there is a difference in mTOR signaling between the patients who were treated with Everolimus and those who were not. Previous studies have suggested that Everolimus may reduce seizure activity in TSC patients by decreasing mTOR signaling. Since patients with FCD may also have excess mTOR signaling brain activity, Everolimus may also reduce seizure activity in these patients. The drug Everolimus is approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat specific types of breast, pancreatic, and kidney cancer, a kidney tumor called an angiomyolipoma (common in patients with TSC), and TSC patients who have a brain tumor called a subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SEGA). However, in this research it is considered to be an investigational since it is not approved for reduction in mTOR signaling and a decrease in seizure frequency. Researchers believe that Everolimus may be useful in reducing something called cortical hyperexcitability, which is the excess brain activity that can contribute to seizures.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.

An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.

Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Eligible Ages 2 Years - 40 Years
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria 1. Patients: 1 year to 40 years. 2. Diagnosis: treatment resistant epilepsy due to Tuberous Sclerosis Complex or Focal Cortical Dysplasia Inclusion Criteria (Concurrent Comparison Group) 1. Patients: 1 year to 40 years. Matched for age (+/- 7 years) and sex of subjects in the treatment group. 2. Diagnosis: treatment resistant due to TSC or FCD. Matched for diagnosis of TSC and FCD. 3. Brain surgery for seizure control in which tissue is banked for research utilizing an existing IRB-approved study. Exclusion Criteria 1. Treatment with an mTOR inhibitor (everolimus, sirolimus) during the past four weeks. 2. Known hypersensitivity to an mTOR inhibitor (everolimus, sirolimus) 3. Failure to establish diagnosis of treatment resistant epilepsy (i.e., adequate trials of two appropriately-chosen, tolerated and adequate trials of antiepileptic drugs) [32]. 4. Exposure to any investigational agent in the month prior to study entry. 5. History of malignancy patients who are receiving anti-cancer treatments, such as radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy. 6. Patients with severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions, 7. Patients on chronic corticosteroid therapy 8. A history of HIV seropositivity 9. Patients who have received live attenuated vaccines within 1 week of start of everolimus and during the study; 10. Known impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of oral everolimus; 11. Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus 12. Patients who have any severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions 13. Known impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of oral everolimus;

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.


Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Phase 2
Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

NYU Langone Health
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Orrin Devinsky, MD
Principal Investigator Affiliation NYU Langone Health
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Overall Status Recruiting
Countries United States

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Epilepsy, Tuberous Sclerosis Complex, Focal Cortical Dysplasia
Additional Details

This is a single center open-label pilot clinical trial of patients with TRE, ages 1 to 40 years old, with TSC or FCD who are scheduled for epilepsy surgery. Patients will be treated with everolimus for 7 to 28 days prior to epilepsy surgery with extension of time from 7 to 28 days in successive cohorts of patients. The initial cohort of at least three patients will be treated for 7 days and after the safety of therapy is assured for this group, there will be an extension of the treatment to 14 days for at least three patients. This will be extended at one week intervals/three patient groups to a maximum treatment duration of 28 days. Resected brain tissue will be analyzed for activation of mTORC1 and mTORC2 signaling pathways, glutamatergic and GABA-ergic neurotransmission using histochemistry, genetic analysis, as well as extracellular field recordings in acute ex-vivo brain slices from surgery. A blood sample, collected at the time of surgery, will be analyzed for everolimus levels and VEGF-D. All patients will undergo standardized intra-operative ECoG recordings over the primary epileptogenic region and reviewed blindly. Subjects will be in the study for 7-28 days. The investigators will study variables listed in specific aims 1 and 2 in TSC and FCD patients treated with 7 to 28 days of everolimus and compare these to untreated control patients with TRE and TSC or FCD. A concurrent comparison group of 12 subjects will also be enrolled. They will all be undergoing routine surgery for the diagnosis of TRE with TSC or FCD. All study procedures will be performed at the Comprehensive Epilepsy Center (CEC) with the exception of the surgery, which will be performed at Tisch Hospital.

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New York, New York




New York University Langone Medical Center

New York, New York, 10016

Site Contact

Maria Hopkins



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