A Study of Nintedanib for LymphAngioleioMyomatosis (LAM)

Study Purpose

This trial is conducted locally. The aim of this trial is assess the efficacy and a favorable benefit-risk ratio for nintedanib in the treatment of LAM at the dose of 150 mg bid

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

No
Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.


An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.


Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Interventional
Eligible Ages 18 Years and Over
Gender Female
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • - Written Informed Consent for participating to trial.
  • - Patient aged ≥ 18 years at visit 1.
  • - Sporadic or TSC associated LAM, classified as ''definite'' by the European Respiratory Society criteria and /or serum VEGFD level >/= 800 mg/ml, and evidence of a 10% deterioration in FEV1 and /or loss of 80 ml of FEV1 or more in the last year (post bronchodilator).
Also LAM patients with proven side effects and/or toxicities/ contraindications to sirolimus therapy will be eligible for this study.

Exclusion Criteria:

Laboratory parameters have to satisfy entry criteria as shown below:
  • - Laboratory parameters (screening) - AST, ALT > 1.5 x ULN - Bilirubin > 1.5 x ULN - Positivity for HIV or Hepatitis.
  • - Chylous effusions.
  • - Relapsing pneumothorax.
  • - Angiomyolipoma > 5 cm.
  • - Treatment with mTOR inhibitors in the last month.
  • - Patient eligible for Lung Transplantation.
  • - Hormone therapy.
  • - Patients are excluded if they are post lung transplant or had previously been diagnosed with a pneumothorax, chylous effusion, bleeding angiomyolipoma within the previous 6 months.
  • - Current smokers.
  • - Other diseases: - Cardiac disease.
  • - Myocardial infarction within 6 months of visit 2.
  • - Unstable angina within 1 month of visit 2.
  • - Bleeding Risk: - Known genetic predisposition to bleeding.
  • - Patients who require fibrinolysis, full-dose therapeutic anticoagulation (e.g. vitamin K antagonists, heparin, NOA) or high dose antiplatelet therapy2.
  • - History of haemorrhagic central nervous system (CNS) event within 12 months prior to visit 1.
  • - History of haemoptysis or haematuria, active gastro-intestinal bleeding or ulcers and/or major injury or surgery within 3 months prior to visit 1.
  • - International normalised ratio (INR) > 2 at visit 1.
  • - Prothrombin time (PT) and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) > 150% of institutional ULN at visit 1.
  • - Planned major surgery during the trial participation, including lung transplantation, major abdominal or major intestinal surgery.
  • - History of thrombotic event (including stroke and transient ischemic attack) within 12 months of visit 1.
  • - History of end-stage renal disease requiring dialysis.
  • - Alcohol or drug abuse which in the opinion of the treating physician would interfere with treatment.
  • - Pts that cannot perform PFT and cannot give informed consent.
  • - Known hypersensitivity to the trial drug or its components.
  • - Other disease that may interfere with testing procedures or in the judgement of the Investigator may interfere with trial participation or may put the patient at risk when participating in this trial.
General

Exclusion Criteria:

  • - Previous treatment with nintedanib.
  • - Other investigational therapy (participation in research trial) received within 8 weeks of visit.
  • - Thoracic, abdominal, gynecological, neurologic surgical procedures planned to occur during trial period.
  • - Pregnant women or women who are breast feeding or of child bearing potential not using two effective methods of birth control (one barrier and one highly effective non-barrier) for at least 1 month prior to enrolment (and until 3 months after treatment end).
  • - Female patients will be considered to be of childbearing potential unless surgically sterilised by hysterectomy or bilateral tubal ligation, or postmenopausal for at least two years.

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.

NCT03062943
Phase

Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Phase 2
Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

IRCCS Multimedica
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Sergio A Harari, MD
Principal Investigator Affiliation MultiMedica - San Giuseppe Hospital
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Other
Overall Status Recruiting
Countries Italy
Conditions

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Lymphangioleiomyomatosis
Additional Details

There is a high unmet medical need for efficacious and safe treatment of LAM, to halt lung function decline, improve patient-reported outcome, reduce size of angiomyolipomas and ultimately decrease mortality. Guidelines recommend participation in research trials if possible. To date, therapeutic options include mTOR inhibitors sirolimus and everolimus. Among these, sirolimus, has been approved by FDA based on a clinical trial which showed a stabilization of lung function expressed as FEV1 during the 12 month treatment period. Thus the stabilization of lung function appears to require continuous exposure to the drug. Sirolimus is associated with an increased frequency of adverse events like mucositis, gastrointestinal events, hypercholesterolemia, acneiform rash, and swelling in the lower extremities. Nintedanib was shown to dose-dependently inhibit PDGFR phosphorylation and subsequent signaling via protein kinase B (Akt) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 in lung tissue from mice. Akt and ERK 2 can both phosphorylate tuberin resulting in inactivation of hamartin-tuberin complex and consequent activation of mTOR . It has been demonstrated that platelet-derived growth factor β receptor (PDGFRβ) is present and active in human and murine TSC lesions. Thus, an inhibition of PDGFR may be effective in LAM. Moreover, the inhibition of VEGF, PDGF and FGF signaling pathways reduces tumor angiogenesis in lung. As angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis are mechanisms involved in dissemination of LAM cells, potential inhibition of angiogenesis by nintedanib may contribute to prevent disease progression in LAM. Therefore, a non-randomized, efficacy, safety, and tolerability trial of nintedanib in sporadic and TSC-associated LAM is proposed. The objective of the trial is to assess the efficacy and a favorable benefit-risk ratio for nintedanib in the treatment of LAM at the dose of 150 mg bid.

Contact a Trial Team

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International Sites

Pneumology unit, Milan, Italy

Status

Recruiting

Address

Pneumology unit

Milan, , 20123

Site Contact

Sergio A Harari, MD

sergioalfonso.harari@multimedica.it

+39 02 55 40 4580

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